About 10,000 points of doujinshi of SF work are digitized and everyone can browse for free

Doujinshi for the likes of novel by SF novel lover (FanzineIowa University holding more than 10,000 volumes of books, fan magazines) to digitally archive fan magazines collected so that the contents of the magazine's paper surface will be damaged, so that anyone can see it free of charge Published on above.

Hevelin Collection

10,000 zines and counting: a library's quest to save the history of fandom | The Verge

The University of Iowa Library collects fan magazines for about 100 years ago, including magazines with a three-sentence novel in the 1920's and SF drama program "FurscapeProtest against abortion of T-shirts, etc. We have a wide variety of collections. In 2012, I was collecting numerous SF fan magazines with big SF loveJames "Rusty" HevelinReceived a donation by Mr., a valuable SF fan magazine since the 1930s has joined the bookshelf of the University of Iowa library. In 2014, Mr. Hevelin's collection became the subject of the "fan culture preservation plan" of the university, and digitization of the paper surface has been advanced to preserve the old magazine. After Hevelin's collection is electronizedTumblrIt is uploaded to, and anyone can see about 10,000 works.

According to Laura Hampton of the University of Iowa library engaged in digitizing fan magazines, private organizations collecting fan magazines and the University of Iowa cooperate to gather a number of magazines from July 2015 to digitally archive It is said that it is promoting conversion. In particular, he seems to focus on collecting works of SF Fan Magazine Golden Age from the 1930s to the 1950s.

The following photographs show three science fiction fan magazines made from 1939 to 1940. I used gelatin or agarKonjak version(Hectograph)Characters and illustrations are printed with 2 color printing of. Illustration of the front cover is that a man in a robe appearing to be injecting something into a half naked woman is being attacked by an octopus alien (photo left), a gigantic bat with iron scissors glows fire towards the parliament building You can see the appearance of bizarre popular novels in the 1930s with blowing (in the middle of the picture).

The history of the SF work has a relation which can not be separated even if it is cut off from existence of the fan magazine, for example, a writer who is known for "call of Cthulhu"Howard Phillips Love Craft, "Fahrenheit 451 degrees", "Martian chronicle" authorRay Bradbury, Also known as the three families of the sci-fi worldRobert A. A. HainlineEtc. have been deeply involved with SF lovers through letters from fans and meetings of SF fans. Among them, the fan magazine was also a debut place for many science fiction writers, and in the latter part of the 20th century it was the center for amateur writers to name their names. However, most fan magazines are limited only to circulation among fans, and most of the magazines issued are lost with the flow of time.

The cover illustration used in the fan magazine "The Acolyte" of the 1940's contributed by Lovecraft is a chic design of black and white that seems to be applicable even today.

The few existing fan magazines keep the beautiful blue and purple color even in modern times as long as the preservation state is good like Mr. Hevelin's above, but since inexpensive acid paper is used as the material of the magazine , It seems that the color disappears in several hours when hit with light. Therefore, when digitizing, we take pictures as quickly as possible while flipping magazines one page at a time, and after returning the magazines to the cabinet again. Mr. Hampton said, "People who made fan magazines devised less budget and limited facilities and issued wonderful magazines, but the staples of the staples rusted, the tapes were deteriorating It is hard to keep it, "he says.

In fan magazines, not only the novel work but also the evaluation by the reader and the debate about the SF were posted, but the concept of the SF work has not been decided yet in the dawn of the SF of the 1930's, and sometimes aggressive contents It seems that the debate of that was also written.

Also, there seems to be barriers to digitalization of not only old magazines but also fan magazines issued in recent years. Contents of fan magazines around the 1920s centered on reviews of gossip novels and works, but many of recent fan magazines painted homosexual loveSlash fictionHampton says that it contains works and "I am stepping into the area that I have to handle carefully," he says. It seems that some of the authors of slash fiction are females, and because they do not want their families and friends to know their work, some people are taking a negative position to digital archives of fan magazines. Meanwhile, there are also slash-fiction writers who agree with digitization that "the age group which my work did not reach until now can also be known".

At Iowa University almost all of the fan magazines in the library are already archived but still it is only a part of fan magazines that exist around the world and there is a problem that the paper deteriorates over time . According to Mr. Hampton, "The problem of book preservation is the most troubling season for those in jobs related to books, but correct answers will continue to change according to that era." While collecting existing fan magazines, he will explore ways to utilize digitized data. At the moment, a project is planned to make texts of fan magazines taken and make them searchable.

in Note, Posted by darkhorse_log