How was Van Gogh influenced from Japanese art?

Vincent van Gogh known as a genius painter is known to have been greatly influenced by Japanese ukiyo-e prints. Van Gogh had never visited Japan and had only knowledge of the U.S. so that he could have envisioned Japan as a "utopia" rather than a real country. The influence was not only in the work but also in Van Gogh's life itself, "Vegas inspiration" exhibition that focused on the connection between Van Gogh and Japan at the Netherlands was held, and how Van Gogh was Japan Whether or not is explained.

Van Gogh's Japanese Idyll

In the "Inspiration of Japan" exhibition held at the Van Gogh artist in the Netherlands, 60 works by Vincent van Gogh are displayed together with works of Japanese art written in the 19th century related to the work. You can read Japanese version from the following page for "Japanese inspiration" commentary.

Japanese Inspiration - Van Gogh Museum

I was born in a pastor's house and started studying for examination at the theology department. Van Gogh who was frustrated decided to aim the painter in 1882. Van Gogh frequently writes letters to his younger brother Teo and does not care for money necessary for artistic activities, but the content is rational and aggressive, and it is a stereotype for Van Gogh "Spirit "I was sick from the image of a" crazy painter "that he was sick. In the letter sent in 1885, it sometimes is written that "The funny Japanese paintings were put on the wall, so the room got so soon", and from that time I can read the trend towards Japanese paintings. Later on, around 1886-1887 Van Gogh started living in Teo and Paris, and letter interaction decreased.

In England and France, the art and culture of Japan became a boom in the late 19th century when the Van Gogh Impressionists lived. Japonism was overflowing in Paris at that time, and Van Gogh and painter colleagues Edgar Degas and Claude Moneto were also greatly influenced. Van Gogh's collection of Japanese paintings has become enormous, and Van Gogh sells the collection with a couple at the cafe together with the lover at the time so that he tried to make money.

Van Gogh will also incorporate the themes and technologies of Japanese painting in his works. For example, "Rain Bridge" is Utagawa Hiroshige 's " Sightseeing Edo Hundred Scenic Spots Bridal Shower Show " ... ...

"Oiran" is surprisingly in agreement with " Kai Yori no Oka Kaoru " of Keisei Izumi .

These two features mean that the original Japanese paintings were put in the forehead "Van Gogh" drew. In the paintings of the time in Japan, things drawn at the edge of the screen were deliberately cut off, the details were zoomed out, important things were exaggerated beyond the frame. While studying Japanese painting like this, the Van Gogh painter came to the idea that "it is not necessary to paint in a given canvas by a traditional method".

Also, a vast and distorted horizontal line at a high position was taken from Japanese paintings. Van Gogh's work "flower blooming peach tree" makes you feel as if you are looking at the scenery as if you are stationary in the air.

"Sainte-Marie's Sea Landscape" is inspired by Katsushika Hokusai's " Forty-three Six Scenic Sites " and is attempting experiments on parallel lines and diagonals. The horizontal line drawn in this painting is characterized by the fact that you can see the twist as if it receives weight from the blue sky.

In 1888, in a letter to Teo, Van Gogh said, "We love Japanese paintings and are repeatedly experimenting under the influence of Japanese paintings, which is the common point of the Impressionists. I will go to the south, I think that the future of new art is in the South ", I wrote that Japan is in the south as seen from Paris where Van Gogh was in So it suggests migration to South France. After that, Van Gogh actually moved to Arles in southern France and produced masterpieces such as "sunflower" and "night cafe terrace" one after another.

Van Gogh 's request for Arles was a bright light and a cheerful color effect in Oriental prints. While doing art activities in South France, Van Gogh's style gradually went on to acquire the flatness and style of Japanese paintings. For example, Utagawa Hiroshige drew a person standing at the port and a casually stopped ship under the blue sky in the "Watashi no Mori Ginza, the entrance of Shimisato Station at Miya Atsuta", but person There is a red torii in front of. Spatial recognition that handles people and artifacts equally is one of the factors that Van Gogh introduced from Japanese paintings.

About the life in Arles Van Gogh wrote with a letter to Theo that "I am here in Japan". Once, Gogh depicted as "like a flower, living in nature" about the Japanese, the word "Japan" written by Van Gogh in the letter seems to be figuratively used It is. And in the paintings of Van Gogh, nature such as plants, rain, wind, and the sea has been drawing more and more.

On the other hand, neighboring residents of Arles were confused by the fact that unmarried and fluffy Dutch painters hang out here and there, there was a case that the authorities were told Van Gogh. In addition, Van Gogh deepens loneliness and suffers from the spirit, as the plan of "initially planning to make residential areas specialized for artists and painter colleagues including Gauguin and Bernard " was also torn down.

Van Gogh often got seizures, and in 1888 an incident occurred in which the ear was cut off and handed to a prostitute. However, even the self-portrait of Van Gogh with a bandage was drawn on a vivid background behind the Japanese prints.

In the few months that Van Gogh dies, a painting called "Branch of flower almond tree" was drawn. This is what GOO who was recuperating at a mental hospital celebrated the birth of a child in Teo. The theme, a clear contour line, a branch extending from the outside of the frame, as the words of Van Gogh "All my works are Japanese style", it is a work that shows the influence of Japanese painting from everywhere .


in Art, Posted by darkhorse_log