Is copyright recognized for pictures and texts generated by AI? U.S. Copyright Office Releases Guidance
GPT-4 and image generation AI Midjourney are developing rapidly, and cases of actually creating sentences and paintings are increasing explosively. On March 16, 2023, the United States Copyright Office announced guidance clarifying when AI-generated material is recognized as copyrighted work.
Generative AI technologies such as OpenAI's large-scale language model
Federal Register :: Copyright Registration Guidance: Works Containing Material Generated by Artificial Intelligence
Authors risk losing copyright if AI content is not disclosed, US guidance says | Ars Technica
In February 2022, the Copyright Office announced that ``the works of art created by AI have no copyright,'' and revealed that it had rejected the application for granting copyright to paintings created by AI. bottom.
``There is no copyright in the work of art created by AI,'' the US Copyright Office rejects AI's copyright-GIGAZINE
Furthermore, in February 2023, it declared that ``graphic novels produced using image generation AI will not be protected by copyright.'' However, we recognize the copyright of human artists, not AI, for the composition of graphic novel texts and frame layouts.
``Comic pictures created with AI are not protected by copyright,'' the US Copyright Office declared, and the author welcomed ``great news''-GIGAZINE
New guidance issued by the U.S. Copyright Office states that with regard to “AI works generated solely by prompts and not modified,” “AI technology receives only prompts from humans and responds to complex sentences and pictures.” , or generate a musical work.The 'traditional element of authorship' is determined and executed by technology, not by human users.Based on the agency's understanding of currently available generative AI technologies, AI The user ultimately does not exercise creative control in the way they interpret the prompts and generate the work,' he said, adding, 'AI creations are not human works and are therefore not copyrighted. ' argues.
On the other hand, like the graphic novel above, if humans arrange generative AI works in a specific order, if the arrangement is 'creative enough', the series of images may be copyrighted. says the US Copyright Office. This is not just arranging images, but if an image generated by AI has been ``modified to meet copyright protection standards'', the copyright of the person who made the modification will be applied. matter.
The United States Copyright Office provides specific examples of ``modifications that meet copyright protection standards'' such as ``correcting AI images in Photoshop'' and ``distorting AI-generated sounds using guitar effectors''. I am giving
However, the US Copyright Office said, ``It will be decided on a case-by-case basis whether it is ultimately 'AI-generated' or 'Human-invented work generated by AI'. Final Ultimately it will be determined by the production context, especially how the AI works and is used to create the final piece.'
In addition, the US Copyright Office also mentions the 'obligation to disclose whether the work submitted for copyright registration contains AI-generated content', and when registering your own work recommends that you also mention in the application form whether the work contains AI-generated content. In addition, we recommend that artists who have already applied and artists who have already registered their works submit supplementary registration, and if they do not register AI correctly, 'the merit of copyright registration may be lost.' I'm doing it.
by Otto Rapp
The U.S. Copyright Office acknowledged that the guidance is at an early stage in discussions about AI-generated works and copyright, stating, We plan to seek public comment in the second half of 2023 on any additional legal or political discussions, including whether to address them.'
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